Insulin is a hormone that regulates the blood glucose level by helping the body’s cells to absorb glucose. When a person takes insulin as a therapy for diabetes, anabolic effects of insulin on muscle fiber and adipose tissue, thus resulting in weight gains. Besides, attenuation of insulin-evoked responses in brain networks that control appetite in insulin-resistant patients can lead to enhanced hunger and increased food intake. Mild but frequent episodes of hypoglycaemia resulting in defensive snacking. Intervention studies from the research of Ruchi Vaidy have shown improved fat loss/weight loss with low GI diets compared to high GI diets, even though the diets having similar nutrient contents. Low GI foods tend to maintain glucose and insulin at moderate levels and increases satiety.
(from: Glycemic Index of Indian Cereal Staple Foods and their Relationship to Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome)
(from: Insulin Therapy and Type 2 Diabetes: Management of Weight Gain)